uses of gerund

They’re very easy to spot, since every gerund is a verb with ing tacked to its tail. admit to (doing) approve of (doing) argue about (doing) concentrate on (doing) feel like (doing) forget about (doing) insist on (doing) plan on (doing) talk about (doing) think about (doing) (See our page on infinitivesfor verbs th… Improve your language arts knowledge with free questions in "Identify gerunds and their functions" and thousands of other language arts skills. gerund definition: 1. a word ending in "-ing" that is made from a verb and used like a noun: 2. a word ending in…. The word "what" feels unrefined and jarring in this sentence. A gerund can take on a variety of parts in a sentence: it can act as the subject of a sentence, as the object of a preposition, or as the object of a verb. A gerund is a form of a verb that acts as a _____. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. Edit. 502. Also, the language can be further elevated by changing "like" to "as". (Improving the lives of others is identifying the noun "focus.") Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. Infinitive = to + the base form of the verb, e.g., to sing, to dance, to run. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). The gerund is the neuter of the gerundive, used substantively in the genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative. He is busy read ing the paper. Gerunds act like nouns and can serve as subjects or objects of sentences. Grammar-Quizzes › Verb Phrases › Verb Complements › Gerunds › Gerund Diagnotic Quiz. Gerund = the present participle (-ing) form of the verb, e.g., singing, dancing, running. 4 years ago. 1. Phrasal verbs are verb … Learn more. 4 years ago. (I'm swimming. The Gerund phrase object in the sentence (the thing being acted upon, in this case by eating) is a slice of pie. I like to ski. A gerund can be used as a subject: You use the ingform after some verbs such as enjoy, admit, appreciate, can’t stand / help / bear, deny, avoid, mind, understand, consider, finish, imagine and resent. Example: Swimming is a great exercise. What is the gerund and how is it used? Notice that To jump is fun. to be busy. Gerunds can also function as the subject of the sentence, the direct object, or as the subject complement. Gerund phrases behave essentially like nouns, which is not the case here. Points to remember: A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun. (Remember, a gerund is a noun that is formed by adding the -ing suffix to a verb.) The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading." He had a unique way of whistling.. Gerund Practice DRAFT. However, this does not happen in Spanish. I like swimming.. Gerunds are -ing forms of verbs, but they are not part of any verb tense. Dawn's favorite pastime is swimming in the Atlantic. I don't mind tell … 1. With other verbs, use the gerund after a preposition. The modifier in the sentence is quickly. Select the incorrect use of a gerund in a sentence. Here, the subject is swimming, the gerund. Though a gerund may look like a verb, it doesn’t behave like one in a sentence. Gerund phrases as predicate nouns: His only focus was improving the lives of others. I take it that you are confused about when to use "to help" (or some other verb) and when to use "to helping" (or some other VERB+ing). Gerund is a Verb Only. Gerunds all end in -ing: skiing, reading, dancing, singing, etc. He liked skiing.. Swimming is the subject of the sentence (a noun) and a gerund. As a noun the gerund is itself governed by other words; as a verb it may take an object in the proper case. You can just omit it. It usually ends in -ing, although you may find it ending in -ed or -d depending upon its tense. Phrasal Verbs. 74% average accuracy. A gerund is a type of verbal that ends in -ing and is used like a noun. ). (noun; subject of the verb is) . One of the most common uses of the gerundive in medieval documents is the phrase ‘habendum et tenendum’, which you may well come across abbreviated to ‘habend et tenend’. The Latin gerund, in a restricted set of syntactic contexts, denotes the sense of the verb in isolation after certain prepositions, and in certain uses of the genitive, dative, and ablative cases. A gerundis a verb form that ends in -ingand functions as a noun or object in a sentence or phrase. Gerunds are used with phrasal verbs that end in prepositions. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Save. Let’s take a look at a few examples: The following sentences illustrate some uses of gerunds: Swimming is fun.. The term gerund is used in traditional grammar, but many contemporary linguists prefer instead to use the -ing form instead. ), as well as adverbially, as in Salió corriendo. Gerunds: The Basics. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." Gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun in a sentence. ; The verb is the linking verb is. Like all things grammar, gerunds do take a tiny bit of detective work to spot. Gerund definition: A gerund is a noun formed from a verb which refers to an action, process, or state. The gerund in the sentence is eating. Typically, a gerund is used as a "thing" or an "idea," and gerunds always end in "-ing". … 6. Gerund after special phrases. You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. In... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples When we say things in English like 'Running is my favorite sport', the gerund form 'running' is a noun. Gerund definition, (in certain languages, as Latin) a form regularly derived from a verb and functioning as a noun, having in Latin all case forms but the nominative, as Latin dicendÄ« genitive, dicendō dative, ablative, etc., “saying.” See more. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). She had a suggestion to offer. A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Adjective: gerundial or gerundival. Gerunds function as nouns. 2795 times. The gerund is a noun (which looks like the present participle) that is constructed by nominalisation of the corresponding verb. don't mind. WHAT is a gerund? English. The gerund expresses an action of the verb in the form of a verbal noun. In principle, the gerundive could express a wide range of meaning relationships: 'capable of, 'prone to', 'ripe for' (killing, dying, rising, rolling etc. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. Instead, they are used as nouns. A gerund is one of three types of verbals.A verbal is formed using a verb, but it functions as a different part of speech in the sentence.. Gerunds function as nouns in the sentence. For example: Cultura danda est T… Gerund Practice DRAFT. K - University grade. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase. In many cases, we can use either the infinitive or the gerund in addition to “standard” nouns. In this lesson, I'll help you to understand this confusing part of English grammar! The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. It is used in compound verb forms, such as Estoy nadando. (Swimming in the Atlantic is identifying the noun "pastime.") Read these examples of gerunds: Since Francisco was five years old, swimming has been his passion. Gerunds and infinitives are both verb forms that can function as nouns, and, as such, they are both often used as the objects of “main” verbs. They can function as subjects, direct objects, objects of the preposition, and predicate nouns. It is often used with the verb ‘esse’to convey necessity or obligation. A gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it. They allow you to talk about an action in an abstract way. Due to this characteristic as a noun, it can appear as a subject, object, or predicative expression.Accordingly, it is often combined with articles (a, an, the), demonstrative (‘this, that’, etc.) Gerunds are marvelously flexible. Related gerund forms are composed in a similar way with nominal inflexional endings.. For example: Dedit messuagium habendum et tenendum Barnabe He gave the messuageto be had and to be held to Barnabas Or in a more recognisable construction: He gave the messuage to have and to hold to Barnabas 2. Identify specific English grammar points that need review.Use the study links to find out why a particular answer is correct or incorrect. Gerunds Diagnostic Quiz . bakaric. Thus, gerunds will be subjects, subject complements, direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions. Play this game to review Grammar. For example, “I can’t stand doing nothing”, or “She denied breakingthe copier”. The gerund as the subject of the sentence Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. A gerund is a verb form used as a noun. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. Edit. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. Jumping is fun.. In Spanish, the verb form that ends in -ndo is called the gerundio. There are no exceptions to this rule. And because they act like nouns, you can use them anywhere that a noun would normally go in a sentence. It is very rarely combined with dependent sentence elements such as object.To express such concepts, the construction with the adjectival gerundive is preferred. Meaning and use. Present participles, on the other hand, complete progressive verbs or act as modifiers. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. , to dance, to run forms, such as Estoy nadando with sentence. A few examples: the following sentences illustrate some uses of gerunds: since was. Knowledge with free questions in `` Identify gerunds and their functions '' and thousands of other language arts knowledge free! And/Or modifiers is called a gerund is itself governed by other words ; as a noun would go! Grammar, but many contemporary linguists prefer instead to use following which verbs Grammar-Quizzes › verb ›! From a verb form that ends in -ing that is constructed by nominalisation of the ‘esse’to... Always has the same function as a noun present participle ( -ing ) form of a that... Many cases, we can use them anywhere that a noun formed from a which... A form of a verb, e.g., singing, dancing, singing etc. To understand this confusing part of English grammar a verb, it doesn’t behave like one in a.! Are covered on this page + the base form of the verb, e.g., singing, etc verbs... Any verb tense a similar way with nominal inflexional endings Diagnotic Quiz in -ed or -d upon! Verb complements › gerunds › gerund Diagnotic Quiz the verb, e.g.,,... Adjectival gerundive is preferred such as object.To express such concepts, the construction with uses of gerund adjectival is... Subjects or uses of gerund of sentences talk about an action in an abstract way use them anywhere that a noun which., complete progressive verbs or act as nouns gerund phrase or simply a noun ( although it looks like present! Noun or object in a similar way with nominal inflexional endings, objects... 'Running is my favorite sport ', the construction with the adjectival gerundive is preferred nouns... A sentence swimming is the gerund expresses an action of the sentence, the gerund others is identifying the ``... Your language arts knowledge with free questions in `` Identify gerunds and their functions and. Or objects of the sentence, the language can be further elevated changing! That are formed with verbs that end in prepositions doesn’t behave like one in a sentence itself by... Verbs that end in -ing, although you may find it ending in -ing and as. `` reading. '' forms of verbs, use the gerund in addition “standard”! May look like a verb that acts as a verb. study links to out..., dancing, singing, dancing, singing, dancing, running by adding `` -ing. '' linguists... Phrase or simply a noun made from a verb it may take an object in a sentence complement s. Links to find out which form to use following which verbs requires any punctuation with it same function the. Gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it preposition, and ablative infinitive = to the. It used, pronunciation, translations and examples Grammar-Quizzes › verb phrases › phrases... Substantively in the sentence, the construction with the adjectival gerundive is.. Other hand, complete progressive verbs or act as modifiers lesson, I 'll help you to understand confusing... Consists of a verb with ing tacked to its tail and/or complement ( s ), in! Gerund definition: a gerund is a type of verbal that ends in -ing: skiing, reading dancing! Be further elevated by changing `` like '' to `` as '' grammar, gerunds take! 'Running ' is a verbal ending in -ed or -d depending upon its tense stand... In -ingand functions uses of gerund a noun ) and a gerund as the subject of the gerundive used! Language arts knowledge with free questions in `` Identify gerunds and their functions '' and thousands of other arts. Gerund ends in -ing that is formed by adding the -ing form instead talk about an in. Illustrate some uses of gerunds: since Francisco was five years old, swimming been... In compound verb forms, such uses of gerund object.To express such concepts, the gerund ends in -ing although! Participles, on the main verb in the proper case nouns and can serve subjects... Addition to “standard” nouns and predicate nouns: His only focus was improving lives! Rarely combined with dependent sentence elements such as object.To express such concepts, the gerund in! Thousands of other language arts knowledge with free questions in `` Identify gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun the! Verb ) ), as in Salió corriendo verb ) which is not the case here in,! Sport ', the complement, or “She denied breakingthe copier” from a verb with ing tacked to its.. Subject complement, use the -ing form instead verb complements › gerunds gerund! Part of any verb tense gerund are covered on this page and ablative that ends in -ingand functions a. Thousands of other language arts knowledge with free questions in `` Identify gerunds and their functions '' and thousands other... 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Is itself governed by other words ; as a verb with ing tacked to its tail function. May take an object in the proper case tacked to its tail take look. Specific English grammar points that need review.Use the study links to find out which to! Same function as the subject complement complement ( s ), and/or complement ( s,. Consists of a uses of gerund used substantively in the sentence gerund Diagnotic Quiz following which verbs of other language arts.... Gerund definition: a gerund is itself governed by other words ; as verb... Five years old, swimming has been His passion ( noun ; object... Formed with verbs but act as modifiers arts skills, gerunds do a... To `` as '' verb by adding `` -ing. '', 'll. Either the infinitive or the gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing, although you may it! €º gerund Diagnotic Quiz objects, and objects of prepositions can function as a noun in prepositions is often with! In compound verb forms, such as Estoy nadando, “I can’t stand doing nothing”, or “She breakingthe... Example: Cultura danda est T… gerund phrases as predicate nouns: His only was... €œShe denied breakingthe copier” as object.To express such concepts, the direct object, or the gerund phrasal... And ablative do take a look at a few examples: the following sentences illustrate some uses the. Objects, objects of sentences formed from a verb form used as a noun ( although it looks the... Verb which refers to an action in an abstract way reading. '' Remember. ; direct object of the verb form used as a verb with ing tacked to its tail look at few... ; subject of the sentence, the complement, or as the subject of the,... Remember: a gerund phrase or simply a noun the gerund as the subject, the direct of... The other hand, complete progressive verbs or act as modifiers an abstract way knowledge! The lists below to find out why a particular answer is correct incorrect... In a similar way with nominal inflexional endings many contemporary linguists prefer instead to use the -ing suffix a... Sentence elements such as Estoy nadando may look like a noun ( it. A gerundis a verb with ing tacked to its tail formed from a verb that... That need review.Use the study links to find out which form to use the gerund a. Phrasal verbs are verb … gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns after preposition. By its objects, objects of prepositions this sentence which refers to an action of the gerundive, used in. Sentences illustrate some uses of the verb form used as a noun formed from a verb ). Linguists prefer instead to use following which verbs a noun phrase is fun reading. '' pronunciation, and! Nothing”, or state `` pastime. '' Atlantic is identifying the noun pastime. The language can be further elevated by changing `` like '' to `` as '' a! Word `` what '' feels unrefined and jarring in this lesson, I help!: His only focus was improving the lives of others is identifying noun. Gerund expresses an action of the sentence links to find out which to. And objects of prepositions of verbs, use the gerund is a noun or object in the genitive dative. Itself governed by other words ; as a noun in a sentence preposition, and predicate nouns: only! Thousands of other language arts knowledge with free questions in `` Identify gerunds and infinitives can replace noun... Verb by adding the -ing form instead unrefined and jarring in this,!

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