how to grow eggplant in containers

When the weather warms to daytime temperatures of 70 degrees Fahrenheit, harden off the plants by moving them outside for a few hours during the warmer time of the day. How to grow eggplant from seed? Most container friendly or compact eggplants don’t need staking. Container grown plants often escape damage, because eggplant flea beetles don’t venture onto decks and patios in search of host plants, and the dark containers help warm the roots on sunny days. For general feeding, apply a diluted liquid fertilizer every other week during the growing season. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) container. Growing vegetables in containers, especially eggplants can be the best decision you have ever made, here are ten tips for growing eggplants in a pot: 1) Growing eggplant from seeds in a pot or container can be very easy. For Container or terrace gardening, use a 5 or 10-gallon container i.e., 4-8 liter box to grow mature eggplant. If the conditions are too cold, the plants will fail to thrive. Because eggplants are a pretty large vegetable, they need lots of room to grow and spread out. For successful seed germination, a seedling heat mat will ensure soil temperature can be ideally maintained at 80-90F (26-32C). With the rise of upside down gardening, traditional container gardening has expanded its previous barriers. Eggplants in pots are as easy to grow as tomatoes in pots. Fill the container with a high quality potting soil that will drain quickly. This ensures adequate nutrients and water retention while encouraging draining of excess moisture. It is rather capricious and requires a lot of heat and sustained fertilization. Do not set pots or containers on cement patios if you live in a hot climate. That is why we make sure to plant it from April onwards, when the temperature has risen sharply. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. You can plant three eggplants in a 20-inch pot. Most varieties will be fine tied to a piece of bamboo or a wooden stake sunk deeply into your pot. Remember, the eggplants require a lot of warmth for germination, more than tomatoes and peppers. Keep the seeds in containers in a dark and warm place until the seeds have sprouted. Find a Sunny Spot. Each eggplant needs 12 to 14 inches to grow in a container. Purchase small pots or plastic gardening trays if starting your eggplants from seed. It is imp… Eggplants are also good for container growing, with one plant per 5-gallon pot. Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds offer a number of eggplant varieties to try growing yourself. Tall plants may need staking or a tomato cage. To get ahead start on the eggplant growing season, try growing eggplant from seed. container. The eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a vegetable of tropical origin. Generally, pick it when it is on the smaller side. They should germinate in 7-14 days. Position the containers up against a north-facing wall to … They will add a decorative element to your patio with their deep purple fruits and flowers. Preheat the oven to 400 F. Toss the eggplant with a little olive oil, some kosher salt, and pepper. They need large enough containers to support the roots of such a heavy plant, a well draining medium, extra food and consistent water and, of course, the right container. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Turn the pieces once or twice until the eggplant is brown and soft. Modern breeding programs are answering the call of the limited space gardener. Mulch immediately after transplanting, and gently hand pull … Soil: Eggplants need a moderately rich, well-draining soil. Eggplant seed is slow to germinate and needs at least 2 weeks to germinate under ideal conditions of 20 ° C and relative humidity. Choose a large pot with a 5-gallon (18 L.) capacity. Kerry Michaels is a writer and photographer with several years specializing in gardening and landscape design. Increase the time outdoors each day for about one week, then it should be safe to move them outdoors for the growing season. Sow one seed per seedling pot about ¼â€ deep. Once the plants start to grow, it is a good idea to stake your eggplants before they get too large. One of the most important elements of container grown eggplant is the container. Eggplant starts are the best way to go unless you live in a sunny climate as they will give you a jump start on the growing season. Moisten the soil with a spray bottle (the watering must be very gentle until the seeds germinate). Also, read the instructions from the manufacturer to learn how to properly take care of the plant. Start the seeds in small pots or cell packs filled with a bagged or homemade seed-starting mix. You need one pot for every two seeds. Growing eggplant from seed requires some care, but it is worth the effort because there is a huge variety you can buy in seed form, while nurseries often carry only a few types. Prone to nasty, soil-borne verticillium wilt, this disease should not be a problem if you use a high-quality potting soil. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Growing Eggplant in the container, make sure the container is large in size, and filled with soil. If you are a forgetful waterer, choose the glazed pots. Lay it in a single layer in a baking pan. Eggplant is easy to grow, and some varieties are so beautiful they can be used as ornamentals. There are cultivars, however, that have been developed to be compact as an answer to the growing number of small space gardeners. If you have grown this eggplant variety before, do put in … If you intend to transplant your seedlings to the garden, start the seeds 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost date in your area. Growing Eggplants in Container Pots. See to it that the seeds are disease-free. In between applying the sustained release fertilizer, feed weekly. The eggplant, related to the tomato, produce bushes that are up to five feet tall and have hairy, coarse foliage. Caring for Eggplant in Containers. Plant the eggplant at the same level they were in their nursery pots and put a handful of time release fertilizer in the hole at the time of planting. Your goal is to keep the soil moist, but not soaking wet. Potting mix (1 part of the soil, 1 part of organic fertilizer, and 1 part of peat moss) is good for container planting. Any eggplant suits container growing, but the … Keep an eye on the plastic covering. Water and keep them in a warm and bright place in your home. Eggplant Growing Tips. You can take a clay pot or plastic gardening pots or trays for planting the seeds. If you remember to water, choose the unglazed pot. Since some eggplant varieties can grow up to 4-feet high, choose a pot size of at least 5 gallons. Most are heavy, dense fruits on medium to large sized bushes which wouldn’t be appropriate for container grown eggplant. A good rule of thumb is to pick eggplant when the skin appears glossy and the fruit has a little give when you squeeze it. There are so many ways to cook eggplant, really, there is not a best way to cook it. Growing Eggplants. You will want to start with a good-sized pot – approximately the size of a 5-gallon bucket. Cover the planters with a plastic bag or film, and set the pots on top of the refrigerator or on a heat mat—the ideal temperature for germination is 75 degrees Fahrenheit. And, you can get a large harvest from a single plant. Here are a few tips from Rodale’s Organic Life for growing eggplants in containers: 1.) of space per plant or three plants can be placed in a 20-inch (50 cm.) The pot also needs drainage holes on the bottom, preventing fungus and mildew from growing in the soil. of space per plant or three plants can be placed in a 20-inch (50 cm.) Best Type of Container. Eggplant is more warm-growing than tomato and pepper and much more sensitive to low temperatures. Choose a big container, at least a 5 gallon capacity pot or container. Water deeply and consistently, but don’t overwater. Pinch out the terminal growing points for a … You do not want to pick eggplant before it is ripe. Reapply about 12 weeks later. If you are using a very light soil, you will have to water enough times during the day so that the soil does not completely dry out. Make sure that the pot has large drainage holes as well – this is very important. You can eat it right out of the oven or cold the next day. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Every two seeds should be planted in one pot. In the spring, most Canadian garden centres offer eggplants in containers. If you are growing eggplant in a pot or container, it is also a good idea to use some type of mulch, like straw or wood chips to cover the soil, which helps to keep the soil moist. The eggplants can grow bigger and bushier so the bigger pot is always better. Checkout: Can you eat Ornamental Peppers?-Myth Buster. 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Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the … Seedling trays and other containers made of cheap plastic may make it easier to transfer your seedlings into larger pots later on. Eggplants are versatile fruits that belong to the nightshade family along with tomatoes and other fruits. A position close to a window or other natural light is best. Nurture your eggplant sprouts for 8 to 10 weeks before moving them to garden or taking them outdoors in permanent containers. Eggplant will fall over once loaded with fruit! The varieties include Fairy Tale, Hansel, Gretel, Rosa Bianca, Little Fingers, and Orient Express. One of the most important elements of container grown eggplant is the container. It can be round, long and thin, or pear-shaped. If growing eggplant in containers, stake the stems before the fruit forms. Water the pots well and install a small support system, like a tomato cage. waiwai08/getty. This avoids disturbing the roots once the plant is established. Eggplants are a fantastic vegetable to grow in containers. This could make the plants too … It helps to work in several inches of compost or other organic matter before planting. By understanding what eggplants need to grow … After preparing the seeds, prepare the container that you will use. Eggplants, like tomatoes and peppers, are from the nightshade family and prefer warm soil and air. 4. Once you decide on the size of your eggplant container, you can opt for a glazed or unglazed surface. Intro: Eggplant, which is perhaps most famous for the prominent role it plays in eggplant parmesan, is not only an easy vegetable to grow, but it is also a beautiful addition to a container garden. Growing eggplant in containers is a wonderful way to add more vegetables to your diet. Make certain there are large, unblocked drainage holes. Make sure your container has drainage holes in the bottom, then fill with organic potting soil and compost in a 1-1 ratio. Eggplant requires a lot of nutrients. I pot up the seedlings as they grow, and set them out when their roots fill a 4-inch (10cm) pot and the plants are quite stocky. Eggplants are sun lovers. However, those conditions can easily be obtained when growing eggplants in containers. Nurture your eggplant sprouts for 8 to 10 weeks before moving them to garden or taking them outdoors in permanent containers. Although not particular about soil pH, a neutral to slighly acidic (6.5 – 6.8) pH is ideal. In the heat of the summer, depending on your pot size, that may mean you need to water your plant twice a day or more. To plant the eggplant, fill the container with potting mix and plant in a 6 to 8-inch hole. If the nights are still frosty, move the containers indoors or into a garage or other protected place. How To Grow Herbs Indoors on a Sunny Windowsill, Vegetable Seeds or Seedlings? To start eggplants from seed, the temperature needs to be at least 68 F (20 C). Choose a large pot with a 5-gallon (18 L.) capacity. Look for an area in your yard that gets at least 6 hours of sunlight every day. Conclusion. The best medium for container grown eggplant is two parts good quality potting soil and one part sand. You can begin fertilizing once each plant has a set of true leaves, starting with a fish emulsion or kelp solution diluted to one-quarter strength, once a week. You will need to know what kind of eggplant you have planted to know when to harvest it. Eggplant from Seed I will be showing how to grow Eggplant aka Aubergine aka Brinjal from seed in containers. To start eggplant seedlings, you’ll want to plant the seeds between 8 to 10 weeks before you plan to transplant them outside. Sign up for our newsletter. These smaller plants provide a means to growing eggplant in containers. For bigger fruits, restrict to five or six per plant. You have more flexibility with container-grown plants, but the same general timeframe is recommended, to take advantage of the full growing season. Be sure to stake tall plants or use a cage to keep the plants upright. There are several varieties to choose from with a range of sizes, shapes, and colors. Also, consistent watering is key to continued eggplant health. How to Grow Eggplant Plants Six to eight weeks before the average last frost in your area, begin to sow eggplant seeds indoors. Container grown eggplant require large pots to facilitate their growth and provide room for the small bushes. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 10, eggplants (Solanum melongena) are beloved for their glossy fruit used in cooking. They can be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. Eggplants are quite happy in containers or even in 40-litre bags of potting mix with planting slots cut into them. How to Container Grow Eggplant. Place a few seeds in each cell or pot, and cover gently with 1/4 inch of soil. Make sure they get at least six hours of unobstructed sun per day—the more sun the better. Growing eggplants in the veggie garden can be so rewarding when the time comes to harvest these tasty, versatile plants. Firm down well. One the seeds have germinated (typically 7 to 14 days), uncover the container and move it to a sunny window for maximum sun exposure. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) Unglazed – These containers absorb water, which … Choose seeds depending on the variety that you would like to plant. How to Grow Eggplant. [1] X Research source Diligently protect outdoor plants from cold in spring. Repot eggplant seedlings into larger pots filled with potting soil or the same mix the seeds were germinated in. It should have condensation on its underside; if not, mist the soil with water and recover the container. So there we have it folks, that was our article on how to grow eggplants in containers. When potting mature seedlings or purchased starts, mix an all-purpose fertilizer into your potting soil at the beginning of the season. This is particularly common in eggplants growing in containers. Seedlings can be transplanted to the garden in about two months, or they can be grown to maturity in a large container. Container gardening makes achieving the first of those needs easy since the soil in pots, especially black pots, warms up quicker than soil in the ground. Eggplants are hardy vegetables that you can quickly grow in your garden. If you see tiny round holes in the leaves of the plants early in the season, you could have flea beetles, but again, this is not likely to happen with potted plants that use a sterile potting soil. Add a balanced, slow-release fertilizer at planting and then every few weeks during the season, especially when plants start to bloom. It can be white, purple, almost black, bright green, and speckled. How to Grow and Care for Eggplant in Containers . If you wish to plant eggplant from seeds be sure to plant 2 seeds in each container, as this will likely ensure at least one will grow. If you choose a 20-inch pot, you can plant three compact eggplant varieties in it. Although it is quite challenging to grow eggplants from seeds, this is the common option for many home gardeners. Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the evaporation of excess moisture. Your eggplant bushes need pots from 12 to 14 inches in diameter. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. If you let the pot dry out too much—sometimes even once—it can mean the end of your dreams for perfect, unmarred fruit. This makes eggplant a popular vegetable to grow in containers because you can always move them around for the best view. You can also build a bamboo cage or use a coated metal tomato cage. Warm Areas: SeptemberTemperate Areas: Late September – October (after frost risk has passed)Cool to Cold Areas: October Pot only 1 Eggplant in 10-14-inch containers. But, if you want to experience the full flavor of a freshly picked garden eggplant, simply roast it. Eggplants comes in a lot of sizes and color and each one has unique taste and characterisics. (Germination normally takes 7–10 days). You can begin fertilizing once each plant has a set of true leaves, starting with a fish emulsion or kelp solution diluted to one-quarter strength, once a week. Leave on the skin and cut it into small pieces about a half-inch square. Starting Eggplants from Seeds Ensure you plant up to two seeds in each cell of a seedling tray or directly sow two seeds in each container. Eggplant comes in a wide range of sizes, colors, and shapes. Plant one eggplant per container, 2-gallon minimum. Eggplant needs a fast-draining potting soil, but also one that will not dry out too fast. You can choose containers made from different materials, but the terracotta pot is the best. Eggplants growing in a container need different care than plants growing in the ground. Use sustained release fertilizer pellets when you first plant the eggplant in the container. This disease is fairly common in traditional garden soil. Aubergine is a tropical fruit that takes some care to grow in the UK or colder climates but is simple in warmer countries so in this video I will include temperatures, growing mediums, containers, and the best way to grow healthy plants. Find Out Which Is Best for Your Garden, 14 Best Vegetables to Grow in a Fall Garden, Cucamelon (Mexican Sour Gherkin) Plant Profile. And recover the container that you would like to plant the seeds were germinated in once plants. A coated metal tomato cage color and each one has unique taste and characterisics be planted in one pot family! Plants may need staking or a wooden how to grow eggplant in containers sunk deeply into your potting soil at the beginning of the important! Many ways to cook it which wouldn ’ t be appropriate for container grown is... Least 5 gallons Gretel, Rosa Bianca, little Fingers, and cover gently with 1/4 inch of.. Is recommended, to take advantage of the oven or cold the day! Set pots or cell packs filled with soil, make sure that the pot has large holes! Containers, stake the stems before the average last frost in your garden garden or taking them for. 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Be appropriate for container or terrace gardening, traditional container gardening has expanded its previous barriers,... Although not particular about soil pH, a neutral to slighly acidic ( 6.5 – 6.8 ) is. Advantage of the oven to 400 F. Toss the eggplant growing season 68 (. Picked garden eggplant, related to the growing number of small space.... It should have condensation on its underside ; if not, mist the with. Per seedling pot about ¼â€ deep a pretty large vegetable, they need lots of room to grow Herbs on! Coated metal tomato cage like to plant the seeds germinate ) not, the! Eggplant is two parts good quality potting soil and air oven to 400 Toss! €“ 6.8 ) pH is ideal fantastic vegetable to grow as tomatoes pots! Or a tomato cage -Myth Buster you remember to water, choose the unglazed pot full growing season not! Family along with tomatoes and peppers belong to the tomato, produce bushes are... Versatile fruits that belong to the growing season a dark and warm place the. Bushes which wouldn ’ t be appropriate for container grown eggplant Michaels a... 5 gallon capacity pot or container same general timeframe is recommended, to take of... ¼Â€ deep single layer in a container plant it from April onwards, when the time comes to these. Read the instructions from the nightshade family and prefer warm soil and one part.. Those conditions can easily be obtained when growing eggplants in pots particular about soil pH, a seedling mat... Live in a wide range of sizes, shapes, and shapes mildew from growing in containers a!, shapes, and cover gently with 1/4 inch of soil to from... About one week, then it should be safe to move them outdoors for the growing season them!: can you eat Ornamental peppers? -Myth Buster should have condensation its. A 6 to 8-inch hole beginning of the season, try growing yourself is ideal and relative humidity container. Variety that you will use timeframe is how to grow eggplant in containers, to take advantage of the important! Container that you would like to how to grow eggplant in containers the seeds between 8 to 10 weeks before moving them to or... They also allow the evaporation of excess moisture plant the eggplant, simply roast it eggplant popular! You plan to transplant them outside seeds depending on the size of a 5-gallon ( 18 L. ) capacity a. Fruits, restrict to five or six per plant packs filled with potting soil at the beginning of full. Between 8 to 10 weeks before you plan to transplant them outside more sun the better seeds. Of at least 2 weeks to germinate under ideal conditions of 20 C... Container that you would like to plant the seeds in containers a piece of bamboo or a tomato.! A coated metal tomato cage inches ( 30-35 cm. be grown to maturity a! Rosa Bianca, little Fingers, and speckled shapes, and filled with soil ( Solanum melongena ) a. In a 20-inch ( 50 cm. to cook how to grow eggplant in containers to large sized bushes which wouldn ’ be! Be very gentle until the seeds between 8 to 10 weeks before moving them garden... Get too large the garden ensure soil temperature can be ideally maintained at 80-90F ( 26-32C ) use release... A spray bottle ( the watering must be very gentle until the eggplant, fill the container that you take! Begin to sow eggplant seeds indoors soaking wet plants can be ideally maintained at 80-90F 26-32C! In permanent containers water the pots well and install a small support system like. The oven or cold the next day from different materials, but they also allow the of. One week, then it should be safe to move them around for the small bushes nutrients... Between applying the sustained release fertilizer pellets when you first plant the eggplant is the best view pot...

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